In botany, succulent plants, also known as succulents, are plants with parts that are thickened, fleshy, and engorged, usually to retain water in arid climates or soil conditions. Some succulents (e.g., cacti) store water only in the stem and have no leaves or very small leaves, whereas others (e.g., agaves) store water mainly in the leaves. Most succulent planets have deep or broad root systems and are native to either deserts or regions that have a semiarid season. Succulent plants are found in more than 60 plant families, with members of Aizoaceae, Cactaceae, and Crassulac being dominantly succulent. A number are cultivated as ornamentals and houseplants, including Aloe, Echeveria, Kalanchoe, and others.
Succulents are now taking over not just gardens, but wedding and home decor as well. Succulents are a type of plant that thrives in dry climates. Most succulents come from areas in Africa or Central America where it is hot and there is little humidity. Because they store water in their leaves,they can withstand long hours in the sun and little watering.
These plants are great for adding structure and vibrance to gardens and homes. There are many types of succulents that can be used as corner plants in a home office or pops of color in a lush garden.
However, even though these succulent plants are simple to maintain, they still have preferences when it comes to location. We have composed the list of the 10 most popular types of Succulent to help you better understand the different types of succulents and where they grow best. We’ve also categorized them by indoor and outdoor varieties, and have also created visual guides to help you differentiate between the two types.
5 Types of Indoor Succulents
Succulents offer a diversity of shapes, colors and styles that can fit anywhere from a home office to a child’s bedroom.
Indoor succulents grow best in room temperatures where it is dry with little humidity. While they like direct sunlight, they can adapt to lower levels of light as well, making them ideal for home decor. Keep reading for the top 5 most popular types of indoor succulents.
This type of Indoor Succulent “Burro’s Tail (sedum morganianum)” is also known as the donkey tail plant, this type of Indoor succulent is one of the easiest plants to propagate and care for, which makes it a popular houseplant. The name Burro’s Tail was given to it because of its ability to grow up to four inches long with a shape that resembles a tail. This species happens to be a cactus and although all cacti are succulents, not all succulents are cacti. This succulent grows best indoors, placed in a well-drained container, where its long stems can drape down off of the edges of the pot.
Crown of Thorns (euphorbia milii)
Crown of thorns is one of the top 5 types of indoor succulents. For the best care and results, place this succulent near a window where it can get about three to four hours of sunlight a day. The crown of thorns is very lenient when it comes to missed waterings, but make sure to only water the plant when its soil is completely dry. The crown of thorns is a great houseplant because it adjusts well to dry indoor environments and room temperatures.
Flaming Katy (kalanchoe blossfeldiana)
Coming to the flaming katy, it is a common houseplant that is native to Madagascar. The flaming katy grows best in clay pots that have holes at the bottom for drainage. They prefer well lit areas and will produce more buds and flowers when given eight to 10 hours of sun a day. In late autumn and early winter this succulent produces buds with four petals that can be an array of colors from dark reds to golds and whites. The flaming katy prefers temperatures from 60 to 85 degrees, and is extremely sensitive to the cold which is why it is best suited for indoors.
Jade Plant (crassula ovata)
This type of Indoor succulent plant called jade plant is similar to a bonsai plant in the way that it grows and is maintained. It has a thick trunk with branches that jut out like a miniature tree. This succulent has thick, shiny, dark green leaves that grow into an oval shape. Note that some varieties of the jade plant develop a red color at the tip of the leaf once the plant matures and if the conditions are right, the jade plant can develop beautiful white or pink flowers that bloom in the shape of a star.
Aloe Vera (aloe vera)
The Aloe vera is a variety of houseplant that is most known for its medical benefits. It has been grown in tropical climates for many years and cultivated for its medicinal purposes. This Aloe vera can be used for decorative purposes as an indoor plant. This plant has thick, pointed leaves that are usually a green-gray color. The leaves are variegated with spots of white that stretch out directly from the plant’s base. You can use the healthy compounds of the aloe vera plant to ease scrapes and burns, so it is a great plant to have around the house. This succulent can be found in ointments for burns, skin lotion, drinks and cosmetics.
5Type of Outdoor Succulents
Succulents plants makes a great addition to outdoor gardens. They add complexity and structure to a garden design and can be planted in the ground or in a variety of different containers. There are many characteristics that make these particular succulents great for growing outdoors- some are too large for indoors, while others need direct sunlight to grow properly.
Hens-and-Chicks (sempervivum tectorum)
The hens-and-chicks succulent can propagate very quickly and produce multiple offspring called “chicks”. With over 3,000 different species, this sempervivum species comes in a wide array of colors that you can mix and match in your garden.
When given the proper care, they can produce beautiful red flowers that bloom together in the shape of a crown. This succulent only lives for about three years, but because of its ability to quickly propagate they “live forever.”
Sempervivum means “live forever,” which makes this succulent perfect for those that don’t have a natural knack for growing.
Stonecrop (sedum spp.)
The stonecrop succulent comes in a variety of colors from bright green and pink to silver and blue. There are two main types of Stonecrop (sedums)
1. Tall Sedums: This tall sedums have long stems that grow to be between one and three feet tall. They are known for sprouting colorful flower clusters that look great in a summer garden.
2. Creeping Sedums: This creeping sedums grow along the ground and are usually used in rock gardens, rock walls or on roofs.
Whale’s Tongue Agave (agave ovatifolia)
This whale’s tongue agava grows to be between two and five feet tall and about three to six feet wide. Because of their large size, they are more suitable to be grown outdoors. They grow to their full size when watered regularly and can produce 10 to14 feet-tall flower spikes.
This agave succulent was originally grown in Mexico on mountains with elevations of 3,700 to 7,000 feet. It has light green, flat and wide leaves that resemble that of a whale’s tongue.
Ball Cactus (parodia magnifica)
The ball cactus is one of the types of Outdoor Succulents and it’s one of the most uniquely-shaped succulents because it can grow between one and two feet tall with a shape that resembles a hot air balloon. This Succulent is not quite as smooth as a balloon, with columns of spikes lining its exterior. The ball cactus produces small, yellow-colored flowers that like to grow in clusters.
They look great on patios or as container plants within a garden. The shape and brilliant blooms of this plant add a desert vibe to your garden’s aesthetic.
Sunburst (aeonium davidbramwellii)
The sunburst succulent is also called copper pinwheel because of the yellow leaves that grow in a circle around its center. The sunburst is considered to be a “tri-colored” plant because of its variegated green, white and yellow leaves. It is a hybrid succulent and a member of the aeonium genus that is popular among outdoor succulents. It branches out with rosettes that bloom white flowers in the summer. The sunburst succulent is native to the Canary Islands and can flourish seaside, growing to up to two feet high.
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